While not true blood relatives, Rossiter was Anton’s close friend and Uncle Ros to Anton’s kids and grandkids (I have 3 of Rossiter’s books signed, in part, ‘Uncle Ros & Aunt Sally’ to Karl & Marguerite in 1905). Since his wide ranging interests and successes do not get their due elsewhere on the web, they will get it here (and eventually wikipedia).
As one tribute noted, “Dr. Raymond was one of the most remarkable cases osantaf versatility that our country has ever seen’—sailor, soldier, engineer, lawyer, orator, editor, novelist, story-teller, poet, biblical critic, theologian, teacher, chess-player—he was superior in each capacity. What he did, he always did well.”
Here’s a short biographical sketch from Rossiter’s Memorial (full pdf here):
Rossiter Worthington Raymond, Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute (1857), Lafayette College (PhD 1868), Leigh University (LLD 1906), and the University of Pittsburgh (honorary LLD. 1915)., mining engineer, metallurgist, lawyer, and author, was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, April 27, 1840, the son of Robert Raikes and Mary Anna (Pratt) Raymond; grandson of Eliakim and Mary (Carrington) Raymond, of New York City, and of Caleb and Sally (Walker) Pratt, of Providence, Rhode Island.
He was of English descent, his earliest American ancestor on the paternal side, Richard Raymond, having emigrated from England to this country and settled at Salem, Massachusetts, in 1632; while on his mother’s side he was descended from well-known New England families. His great-grandfather, Nathaniel Raymond, was an officer in the Revolutionary army; and his grandfather, Caleb Pratt, served in the war of 1812.
His father (born 1817, died 1888), a native of New York City, was a graduate of Union College in 1837, editor of the Syracuse ‘Free Democrat’ in 1852, and the ‘Evening Chronicle’ in 1853-4, and afterward professor of English in the Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute and principal of the Boston School of Oratory. His mother (born 1818, died 1891) was a native of Providence, Rhode Island. They were married at Columbus, Ohio, in 1839, and Rossiter was the eldest of a family of seven children, of whom four were sons.
He received his early education in the common schools of Syracuse, New York, and in 1857 entered the Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute, of which his uncle, John H. Raymond (afterward president of Vassar College), was then president, graduating from that institution, at the head of his class, in 1858. He spent the ensuing three years in professional study at the Royal Mining Academy, Freiberg, Saxony, and at the Heidelberg and Munich universities.
Returning to the United States in August 1861, he entered the Federal army and served as aide-de-camp, with the rank of captain, on the staff of Major-General J. C. Fre’mont, by whom, during his campaign in the Valley of Virginia, he was officially commended for gallant and meritorious conduct.
From 1864 to 1868, he engaged in practice as a consulting mining engineer and metallurgist in New York City; and in the latter year was appointed U. S. Commissioner of Mining Statistics, -which position he held until 1876, issuing each year ‘Reports on the Mineral Resources of the United States West of the Rocky Mountains’ (8 vol., Washington, 1869-76), several of which were re-published in New York, with the titles of ‘American Mines and Mining’, ‘The United States Mining Industry’, ‘Mines, Mills and Furnaces’, and ‘Silver and Gold’
These reports contained descriptions of the geology, ore deposits, and mining enterprises of the United States public domain, discussions of metal.- lurgical processes adapted to American conditions, and observations and criticisms concerning the practical operation of the Federal mineral- land laws of 1866 and subsequent years. In 1870, he was appointed lecturer on economic geology at Lafayette College, which chair he occupied until 1882, and for one year during that period gave the entire course on mining engineering.
In 1873, Dr. Raymond was appointed United States Commissioner to the Vienna International Exposition, and as such delivered in Vienna addresses in the German language at the International Convention on Patent Law and the International Meeting of Geologists; and an address in English at the meeting of the Iron and Steel Institute in Liege, Belgium. From 1875 to 1895, he was associated as consulting engineer with the firm of Cooper, Hewitt & Co., owners of the New Jersey Steel & Iron Co., the Trenton Iron Co., the Durham and the Ringwood iron works, as well as numerous mines’ of iron ore and coal. As president of the Alliance Coal Co., and director of the Lehigh & Wilkes-Barre Coal Co., as well as a personal friend of Franklin B. Go wen, he became acquainted with the inner history of the memorable campaign against the ‘Molly Maguires’, and has since been known as a fearless opponent of all tyranny practised in the name of labor. His articles on ‘Labor and Law’, ‘Labor and Liberty’, etc., published in the ‘Engineering and Mining Journal’ at’the time of the Homestead riots, attracted wide attention and for these, as well as similarly frank discussions of the operations of the Western Federation of Miners in Montana, Idaho, and Colorado, he received special denunciations and threats from the labor-unions thus criticised. While connected with Cooper, Hewitt & Co., he also assisted Abram S. Hewitt in the management of Cooper Union and for many years directed the Saturday Evening Free Popular Lectures on science, etc., which constituted the beginning of what has since become a vast lecture system in the city of New York.
From 1885 to 1889, he was one of the three New York State Commissioners of Electric Subways for the city of Brooklyn, and served as member and secretary of the board, preparing its final report, which was generally regarded as the best statement of the problem of municipal engineering and policy involved in the distribution of electric conductors. At the close of his official term as Commissioner, he became consulting engineer to the New York & New Jersey Telephone Co., which position he retained for many years.
In 1898, Dr. Raymond was admitted to the bar of the Supreme Court of New York State and of the Federal District and Circuit Courts, his practice being confined to cases involving either mining or patent law, in the former of which he was a leading authority. In 1903 he was lecturer on mining law at Columbia University, New York. He had also delivered numerous addresses at other colleges and universities, including Yale, Cornell, Pittsburgh, Lehigh, Lafayette, Union, California, the Worcester Polytechnic, and the New York College of Physicians and Surgeons.
An original member of the American Institute of Mining Engineers, he served as its vice-president in 1871, 1876, and 1877, president from 1872 to 1875, and secretary from 1884 to 1911. In the last capacity he edited 40 of the annual volumes of Transactions, to which he liberally contributed essays, especially pertaining to the Federal mining laws, as well as other articles of importance.
In 1911, Dr. Raymond resigned his position as secretary of the American Institute of Mining Engineers, of which he was after that time secretary emeritus.
Dr. Raymond was the editor of the ‘American Journal of Mining’ from 1867 to 1868, of the same periodical under the title ‘Engineering and Mining Journal’ from 1868 to 1890, and thereafter was a special contributor to that journal. In 1884, he. prepared for the U. S. Geological Survey a historical sketch of mining law which was subsequently translated into German and published in full by the ‘Journal des Bergrechts’, the only periodical in the world devoted exclusively to the subject of mining jurisprudence, and for which he received high praise.
In addition to the official works previously mentioned he was the author of ‘Die Leibgarde‘ (1863), a German translation of ‘The Story of the Guard‘ by Mrs. Jessie Benton Fremont (1863); ‘The Children’s Week‘ (1871); ‘Brave Hearts‘ (1873); ‘The Man in the Moon and Other People’ (1874); ‘The Book of Job‘ (1878); ‘The Merry-go- Round‘ (1880); ‘Camp and Cabin‘ (1880); ‘A Glossary of Mining and Metallurgical Terms‘ (1881); ‘Memorial of Alexander Mining Law’ (1883-95); ‘Two Ghosts and Other Christmas Stories’ (1887); ‘The Life of Peter Cooper‘ (1897); various technical works and papers on mining law, as well as numerous addresses and magazine articles, and contributions to several American dictionaries and encyclopedias.
In 1909, in collaboration with W. R. Ingalls, he contributed to the first Pan-American Scientific Congress, held at Santiago, Chile, a paper on ‘The Mineral Wealth of America’, and at the second congress, which assembled at Washington, D. C., in 1915, he was represented by a paper entitled ‘The Value of Technical Societies to . Mining Engineers’. ‘The Conservation of Natural Resources by Legislation’ was delivered in 1909 before a joint meeting of the four national engineering so: ieties.
In 1916, Dr. Raymond published a volume of poems, entitled ‘Christus Consolator and Other Poems’. At the time of his death he was at work upon a history of the American Institute of Mining Engineers, which he hoped to finish this year.
In 1910 the 70th birthday of Dr. Raymond was celebrated by a dinner at which all branches of the engineering profession, the scientific and learned societies, and the prominent institutions of learning were represented. On this occasion the gold medal of the Institution of Mining and Metallurgy was awarded to Dr. Raymond “in recognition of eminent services and lifelong devotion to the science and practice of mining and metallurgy, and of his numerous and valuable contributions to technical literature”.
In 1911, during the visit to Japan of members and guests of the American Institute of Mining Engineers, Dr. Raymond received from the Mikado the distinction of Chevalier of the Order of the Rising Sun, fourth class—the highest ever given to foreigners not of royal blood—’ “for eminent services to the mining industry of Japan”. These services consisted in advice and assistance rendered in America to Japanese engineers, students, and officials throughout a period of more than ,25 years.
Dr. Raymond was an honorary member of the Society of Civil Engineers of France, the Iron and Steel Institute and the Institution of Mining and Metallurgy of Great Britain, the Mining Society of Nova Scotia, and the Australasian Institute of Mining Engineers. He was a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and of the American Geographical Society, a member of the American Philosophical Society, the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences, the American Forestry Association, and various other technical and scientific organizations both at home and abroad. He received the degree of Ph.D. from Lafayette College in 1868, and that of LL.D. from Lehigh University in 1906. On the latter occasion, speaking as an adopted alumnus of the University, he delivered to the graduating classes an address on ‘ Professional Ethics’ which has been widely quoted and approved.
In February 1915, Dr. Raymond delivered the commemorative address on the 150th anniversary of the foundation of the University of Pittsburgh, and received from that Institution the honorary degree of LL.D.
On March 3,1863, at Brooklyn, New York, he married Sarah Mellen, daughter of William R. and Mary (Fiske) Dwight of that city. Of their five children two survived to adult years; Alfred (born 1865, died 1901), an architect and engineer of thorough training and great promise; and Elizabeth Dwight (born 1868), since 1892 the wife of H. P. Bellinger of Syracuse.
He died suddenly, of heart failure, at his home in Brooklyn, on the evening of December 31, 1918, and was buried in Greenwood cemetery.
Biographies about Rossiter W. Raymond:
- Rossiter W. Raymond Memorial Book
- Rossiter W. Raymond Dinner of 1910
- Taking up the tools : the early career of Rossiter Worthington Raymond, 1867-1876 (by Mary C Horstman Williams)
- Rossiter W. Raymond, 1840 – 1918, Canadian Mining Institute
- Dr. Rossiter W. Raymond’s Gravestone
Books, Biographies and Articles written by Rossiter W. Raymond:
- Die Leibgarde (1863) (German translation of ‘The Story of the Guard‘ by Mrs. Jessie Benton Fremont (1863))
- Manhattan Silver Mine Report from Adelberg & Raymond (1865)
- Mines of the West Commissioner Report by RWR (1869)
- The Christmas Angel and other stories (1870)
- 1870 Census – contributed the mining stats for the statistical atlas
- ‘The Children’s Week; Seven stories for seven days (1871)
- Mines, Mills, and Furnaces of the Pacific States and Teritories (1871)
- Brave Hearts (1873)
- Dedication of Pardee Hall at Lafeyette College by RWR (Oct 21, 1873)
- The Man in the Moon and Other People (1874)
- The Gold and Silver Mines of the West (1874)
- The Book of Job (1878)
- The Manganese Pig (1878)
- Treasures from Fairyland (1879)
- Note on the Zinc Deposits of Southern Missouri (1879)
- The Hygiene of Mines
- The Merry-go- Round (1880)
- Camp and Cabin (1880)
- Chrysolite Silver Mining Company (1880)
- The Colorado Central Consolidated Mining Company (1880)
- A New Method of Dredging, Applicable to some kinds of Mining Operations (1880)
- Discussion of Steel Rails (1881)
- A Glossary of Mining and Metallurgical Terms (1881)
- The Law of the Apex (1883)
- The Natural Coke of Chesterfield County (1883)
- Memorial of Alexander Mining Law (1883-95)
- The Sunbeam Factory and other stories (1885)
- The Divining Rod — The Journal of the Franklin Institute (Feb 1885)
- Quoted in an 1885 article on Diving Rods in Harpers Magazine (Dec 1884 – May 1885)
- Indicative Plants (1886)
- Plymouth Sunday Evening Lectures (1887)
- Two Ghosts and Other Christmas Stories (1887)
- Biographical notice of Martin Coryell (1887)
- Evolution of Animal Life (part of a series)(1889)
- The Walking Delegate (188?)
- The Tale of Three Corners (1890)
- Genesis of Ore Deposits (1892) (1913 2nd edition sequel)
- The Auld Lang Syne Club. (1893)
- Biographical notice of Eckley B. Coxe AIME (1895)
- Life and the Conditions of Survival: Water pgs 95-104 (1895)
- Biographical notice of Charles A. Stetefeldt (1896)
- The Life of Peter Cooper‘ (1897)
- Mining Law in British Columbia, Mexico, and the United States (1897)
- Biographical notice of Peter, ritter von Tunner (1897)
- The New Puritanism: papers presented at Plymouth Church (1898)
- Biographcal notice of Theodor Richter (1898)
- The king’s double (1900)
- Biographical notice of Clarence King’s (1901) (Clarence King Memoirs)
- Biographical notice of Richard P. Rothwell (1901)
- Biographical notice of James F. Lewis (1901)
- Bigraphical notice of Alfred Raymond (Rossiter’s son) (1901) Yale has a copy of a manuscript by RWR about Alfred
- Biographical notice of James F. Lewis (1902)
- The Governor’s Forest Policy (1903)
- Biographical notice of John F. Blandy (1903)
- Biographical Notice of William Henry Pettee (1904)
- The Diving Rod Again (Cassier’s Magazine) (December, 1904)
- A new tale of a grandfather. (1907)
- The Geology of Jamaica from the General Electric Review (1907)
- Biographical Notice of James Duncan Hague (1909)
- History or Story of Jamaica in Science Magazine (1909)
- Conservation of Natural Resources: Meeting of Engineers (Raymond co-author) (1909)
- A Commercial Fuel-Briquette Plant (1910)
- Biographical Notice of William Phipps Blake (1910)
- The Feast of Lights (four stories) by RWR (1910)
- Death in Youth (1910)
- Biographical notice of Joseph Esrey Johnson (1911)
- The Chesapeake and Delaware canal in the civil war (1911)
- Our National Resources and Our Federal Government (October, 1912)
- Comparison of mining conditions to-day with those of 1872, in their relation to federal mineral-land laws (1914)
- Professional Ethics, Commencement Address, Colorado School of Mines (1914)
- How Maud returned : the author’s Forty-sixth Annual Christmas Story for Plymouth Sunday School (1914)
- Biographical notice of John Birkinbine (1915)
- Our Duty (1915)
- Christus Consolater and other poems by RWR (1916)
- The John Fritz Medal (1917)
- Biographical Notices of the John Fritz Medal-lists (differs from above?) (1917)
- Solomon Lake : guide, philosopher and friend : the author’s Fiftieth Annual Story for Plymouth Sunday School (1918)
- GLORY SONGS: Never alone is the Christian / Rossiter W. Raymond (1930)
- James and Jim by RWR
- Lectures on Mining Law (No Date Provided)
- (no date) Alexander Lyman Holley
- A Little Child shall lead them (no date)
- The City of Our God (no date)
- Old Mines of California and Nevada (1964 by Frontier Publishing)
Presentations, Speeches, Addresses:
Mining Reports (World Cat Resources):
- [First] report has title: Mineral resources of the states and territories west of the Rocky Mountains … Subtitle varies slightly. Continues the reports of J.R. Browne. Continued by “Mineral resources of the United States” published by the U.S. Geological survey. No reports made 1877-1881. Found in the Congressional series as follows:
- [1st] 1868, 40th Cong., 3d sess., House ex. doc. no. 54.
- [2d] 1869, 41st Cong., 2d sess., House ex. doc. no. 207.
- [3d] 1870, 42d Cong., 1st sess., House ex. doc. no. 10.
- [4th], 1871, 42d Cong., 2d sess., House ex. doc. no. 211.
- [5th], 1872, 42d Cong., 3d sess., House ex. doc. no. 210.
- [6th], 1873, 43d Cong., 1st sess., House ex. doc. no. 141.
- [7th], 1874, 43d Cong., 2d sess., House ex. doc. no. 177.
- [8th], 1875, 44th Cong., 1st sess., House ex. doc. no. 159.
- Master microform held by: LrI.
Christmas Sermons at Plymouth Church Sunday School:
- Antonio : a Christmas story, 1886
- The Story of Gaspar — The 35th Christmas Story, 1904
- Robinson Crusoe’s Christmas, 1908
- How Maud Returned — The 46th Christmas Story, 1914
- Pierre Ladotte — The 49th Christmas Story, 1917
- Solomon Lake — The 50th Christmas Story, 1918
Additional Correspondence or documents that I know little about:
- Rossiter W. Raymond Letters 12 Letters @ U of Wyoming (1886 – 1899)
- Exchequer Gold and Silver Mining Company, Ltd: Letters of correspondence
- Rossiter W. Raymond letter to George Frederick Kunz : LS, New York : 1907 Apr. 22. Discusses date of Marshall’s discovery of Gold in California – 3 leaves
- Edward Robbins Howe Papers: Included also are copies of reports of Adelberg & Raymond on mines in Montana, Nevada and Utah, 1865-1866, and a report by R.W. Raymond on property of the Mineral City Mining and Smelting Company in Illinois, 1874.
- Special reports on the Silver Peak and Red Mountain Gold & Silver Mining Company’s property in the state of Nevada
- 3 Letters from Rossiter Raymond Regarding the Sutro Tunnel Company and/or Adoph Sutro
- 2 Letters to William Henry Pettee in the William H. Pettee Papers
- 1 Letter to Louis Jann in 1909 from the Charles Henry Janin Collection
- An interesting or important letter to Louis Jann in 1909 about professional ethics and legal problems common to mining engineers
- Plymouth Church Tribute to Rossiter Raymond (Book) (1920)
- 1 Letter from Henry Ward Beecher to Mr. Hicks Recommending Rossiter to the Century Club (1869)
- Between the Iron mask gold mining company, (foreign), plaintiffs. And the Centre star mining and smelting company (foreign), and George Gooderham and Thomas Gibbs Blackstock, defendants. Evidence of Clarence King, Waldemar Lindgren and Rossiter W. Raymond, taken at trial at Rossland, commencing April 17th, 1899– By Clarence King
- 1 or more letters — Carl Barus Papers which include letters relating to his USGS research role
- Frazer Family Papers — While mentioned by name, it’s unclear whether there was a letter to or from Rossiter
- Beecher Family Papers — Not surprisingly, there’s information related to Rossiter
- Thoughts on death and immortality : address at Plymouth Prayer Meeting, March 12, 1915
- Booker T Washington Letter: typewritten letter to Rossiter Raymond, undated, on Tuskegee letterhead but written from New York City, indicating Washington will be in New York for some time securing funds for Tuskegee and hoping Raymond will be willing to contribute; signature, clipped from letter, Yours truly, Booker T. Washington, Prin. (circa 1904)
- Correspondence: About 6000 letters spread out over the Eastern Oregon and Eastern Washington Libraries, from all kinds of authors including Rossiter W. Raymond
- Papers of James D. Hague — Includes letters relating to Rossiter Raymond and some of the people with whom Rossiter was also in contact, such as Clarence King and Louis Janin
- Very interesting sounding collection of documents with no specific library attached .. only an OCLC # 31203368 …
- August 2, 1883. Raymond, Rossiter W[orthington]. New York. To Ben[jamin] W. Austin. Sioux City, Iowa. Sends his autograph. [autograph letter, signed] 1 p.
Hymns (according to Nethymnal.org):
- Far Out on the Desolate Billow
- Morning Red
- Now Rest, Ye Pilgrim Host
- Star, Beautiful Star
- There Dwelt in Old Judea
- Ye Fainting Souls, Lift Up Your Eyes
- The Troopers Death (Page 518 from A New Library of Poetry and Song, William Cullen Bryant) (1875?)
- Calvary Song (from American Song: A collection of representative American Poems)
- Naples, the Bay. Song of the Sea
- Of all the large class of idiotic capitalists the Britisher shows the least symptom of intelligence.” Engineering and Mining Journal (Arizona) 23 July 1881.
- You’ll find this quote all over the web “Life is eternal; and love is immortal; and death is on ly a ho ri zon; and a ho ri zon is no thing save the lim it of our sight.” IT comes from the poem “Death is only an Horizon” and the whole poem goes as follows:.
O God, who holdest all souls in life
and callest them unto thee as seemeth best:
we give them back, dear God,
to thee who gavest them to us.
But as thou didst not lose them in the giving,
so we do not lose them by their return.
For not as the world giveth, givest thou,
O Lord of souls:
that which thou givest thou takest away:
for life is eternal, and love is immortal,
and death is only the horizon,
and the horizon is nothing
save the limit of our sight.
- Adelberg &Raymond Archives: Collection consists of business correspondence, geological and technical reports, and hand-drawn maps from the period 1858 to 1875
- Adelberg and Raymond Archives at the NY Public Library
- A collection of stories that includes some stories from RWR
- Moody’s Magazine …. about mining investements with a mention of RWR’s influcence
- Rossiter Raymond’s defense of Harry Ward Beecher. Other Powers by Barbara Goldsmith. Interesting read.
- 1874 drawing that includes RWR called the Plymouth Church Inquiry
- The Mineral Industry, 1888. “Raymond, Rossiter Worthington, Ph. D., is well known from one end of the world to the other as the highest authority in America on Mining Law, and he contributes to this volume an article on ” Tunnel Rights.” For many years Dr. Raymond was the editor of the Engineering and Mining Journal and was practically its founder. He was for several terms president of the American Institute of Mining Engineers, and has for many years been its most efficient secretary. Educated as a mining engineer at Freiberg, Saxony, in the days before mining- schools were established in the United States, he quickly became one of the most prominent engineers in this country, and was influential in framing its early mining laws.”
- National Press Club Photo, John Hays Hammond Collection
- 1879 Review of Raymond’s Book of Job
- 1881 Rossiter Raymond is sued by Sidney De Kay over Mine recommendation
- 1882 NYTimes reference of him attending and giving a speech to the Revenue Reform Club at Hubel’s Restaurant. This was colloquially known as a Free Traders Group.
- 1919 Chemical and metallurgical Engineering Journal Biography
- 1995 “The Historic Origins of the U.S. Mining Laws and Proposals for Change” quotes and interprets Rossiter Raymond.
- King Collection, Folder A-3, Raymond, “Statements of Rossiter W. Raymond.”
- 2003 The book Doing your own thing: The degradation of Music and Language. On Page 68, the author recognizes Rossiter W. Raymond as a renowned “speaker” and gives an example of a Toast he gave to Mrs. Washington Roebling. Relates to the construction of the brooklyn bridge.